How to Determine the Severity of a Burn
The severity of a burn can be identified correctly through a medical assistance. The doctor will analyze the burned section of skin and determine how many layers of skin are affected. There are several levels of severity for burns: first-, second- and third-degree burns. One of the most significant identifiers for burn severity is the overall size of the burn.
Another factor that determines burn severity is the location on the body, increasing for more vulnerable parts of the body. The severity of the burn decides on the treatment level to be given to the victim.
These are a few important guidelines on how to determine the severity of the burn if you can't immediately get medical attention:
. The Burn Depth: Burn severity can be determined by depth. The body parts that have been affected often tend to turn red in color with blisters over the skin; these are typically very painful. Deep, third-degree burns may require skin grafting.
. Partial Thickness Burns: These are generally second-degree burns and are identified as partial thickness burns. These burns severely affect the second layer of the skin; both dermis and epidermis. Second-degree burns affect nerve endings, so a victim may not even feel the affected area. Second-degree burns also destroy sweat glands, which means no moisture will be produced.
. Full Thickness Burns: Full thickness burns are burns which have affected all the layers of the skin, including blood vessels, nerve endings, follicles and sweat glands; sometimes bone and muscle too in extreme cases.
. Burn Size: This is the most common and even household method to determine the severity of a burn. A burn injury is often assessed by the percentage of body burned, the areas burned and the age of the patient. The most accurate burn assessment is done after medically reviewing the injury of the patient and understanding how much of the body has been injured. The health of a person before the burn injury also plays a vital role in determining the severity of a burn.